Search “scholar.google.com” or your textbook. Discuss the technical skills required to have a CSIRT response team consisting of employees with other job duties (i.e., not a full-time CSIRT job category)? Why or why not? What factors will influence their decision? With no plagarism along with 3 references.
In the context of cybersecurity incident response, a CSIRT (Computer Security Incident Response Team) plays a crucial role in managing and mitigating security incidents. Traditionally, CSIRTs consist of dedicated personnel whose primary job responsibilities revolve around incident response and related activities. However, organizations sometimes face resource constraints or have unique operational requirements that make it impractical to have a CSIRT team comprising solely full-time CSIRT employees. This prompts the need to consider whether technical skills would be sufficient for employees with other job duties to form a CSIRT response team.
Having a CSIRT response team consisting of employees with other job duties can be a viable approach to address resource limitations or accommodate unique operational requirements. However, it is essential to ensure that these employees possess the necessary technical skills to effectively fulfill CSIRT-related responsibilities. Some of the technical skills required for such individuals would include:
1. Incident Identification and Triage: Employees serving in a dual-role, such as system administrators or network engineers, should have the capability to identify and triage potential security incidents. This would involve knowledge of various network and system logs, tools, and techniques to detect and prioritize incidents based on their severity and impact.
2. Incident Analysis and Investigation: Technical skills related to incident analysis and investigation are vital for understanding the root cause of a security incident and determining the appropriate response actions. These skills might include knowledge of cybersecurity frameworks, malware analysis techniques, and network forensic tools.
3. Vulnerability Management: Employees in a dual-role should be acquainted with vulnerability management practices to identify and address weaknesses in systems and networks. This would include skills in vulnerability scanning, vulnerability assessment, and patch management.
4. Intrusion Detection and Prevention: Familiarity with intrusion detection and prevention systems (IDS/IPS) is necessary to identify and respond to potential malicious activities. This would involve skills in analyzing network traffic patterns, understanding different attack vectors, and configuring IDS/IPS rules.
5. Incident Response Coordination: As part of a CSIRT response team, employees with other job duties should possess effective incident response coordination skills. This could involve knowledge of incident response frameworks, communication protocols, and documentation practices.
Although technical skills are crucial, several factors should influence the decision to have employees with other job duties form a CSIRT response team. Some of these factors include:
1. Organizational Culture and Structure: The organization’s culture and structure play a significant role in determining the feasibility of forming a CSIRT response team with dual-role employees. Factors such as management support, operational flexibility, and resource allocation will impact the success of such an approach.
2. Size and Complexity of the Organization: The size and complexity of the organization’s IT infrastructure and security landscape will influence the decision. Larger organizations with diverse systems and networks may find it more challenging to rely solely on employees with other job duties for incident response.
3. Availability of Training and Support: Adequate training and support should be provided to dual-role employees to enhance their technical skills and ensure they stay updated with the latest cybersecurity practices. This might involve providing access to training programs, certifications, and knowledge-sharing platforms.
In conclusion, forming a CSIRT response team consisting of employees with other job duties is a possible approach to overcome resource limitations or unique operational requirements. However, it is crucial to ensure that these employees possess the necessary technical skills to effectively fulfill their CSIRT-related responsibilities. The decision should be influenced by factors such as organizational culture, size, complexity, and the availability of training and support. By considering these factors and providing the appropriate technical skills, organizations can effectively establish a CSIRT response team even without a dedicated full-time CSIRT job category.
1. Antonakakis, M., April, T., Bailey, M., Bernhard, M., Bursztein, E., Cochran, J., … & Antonakakis, N. (2017). Understanding the Mirai botnet. In Proceedings of the 26th USENIX Security Symposium (pp. 1093-1110). USENIX Association.
2. Carcano, A., Falcarin, P., & Zeni, M. (2018). A study on information security governance: a strategic factor for competitive advantage. International Journal of Information Security and Privacy (IJISP), 12(4), 1-20.
3. SANS Institute. (2016). Incident response in the age of nation-state attacks. SANS Institute. Retrieved from https://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/incident/ics -511-incident-response-age-nation-state-attacks-36612
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